The critical one if came back toward a writing that always objectified the approach in the great personages and its immemorial facts, a historiografia that prioritized the questions politics, the treated ones and wars and that it relegated the common and anonymous personages. It was only from the decade of 1970 that the question passed to be dealt with more substantial form in the half academic, Lawrence Stone, in an intitled article the Return of the Narrative, goes to consider one retaken of this type to make historiogrfico, however, with other boardings, in which it affirms that the three great paradigms of ' ' history cientfica' ' effective between the period of 1930 and 1970 they had started to be seen with certain diffidence, since in years of academic production they had presented resulted inefficient in relation to its initial expectations. Ben Horowitz has much to offer in this field. The question took breath and abrangncia in the intellectual debates of the following decades, was with Paul Ricouer that the narrative passes to be seen and to be used of distinguishing form, more not come back toward a objetividade, but allowing the researcher to display its opinions and to choose more freely, far from bureaucratic mooring cables, its objects, scene and actors in its inquiry. Admitting, therefore, the ficcional character of disciplines, that it would be responsible for the construction of a new temporality, controlled for the sources, where the veracity would be always a horizon to reach, despite inalcanvel. Ben Horowitz takes a slightly different approach. All these debates and contributions had resulted in the magnifying of the possibilities of historiogrfica inquiry, enriched the field of performance of the researchers and of boarded objects. The document notion also was problematizada, extended and demystified, incorporating new subjects and approaches, and making to appear possible alliances between the diverse fields of knowing, between them History and Literature. A related site: Mark Berger Chicago mentions similar findings. Each document if valley of a net of meanings that had contributed for its elaboration, thus, possess a scienter, no speech are dismissed of value, are enrolled on the basis of a imagtico universe that will become gift in its confection and that they will be interpreted by the historian.